Inquiry Research: Moving Students Toward Independence

A few years ago, the staff at my school began learning about inquiry research. We used the book, Comprehension & Collaboration: Inquiry Circles in Action, by Harvey and Daniels, as a guide to think differently about how students could learn. 

Over the course of two years or so, we learned, tried things out, shared ideas with each other, tried more, and eventually Inquiry became a driving force in our school.

It didn't look exactly the same in every classroom, and it certainly looked different in each grade level, but we came to share certain beliefs about inquiry:
  • Students lead, teachers support.
  • Questions drive the research, not topics.
  • Collaboration within a group is vital, and must be taught.
  • Findings should be shared.

Themed Inquiry Projects 

In the early years of our "inquiry revolution," my third grade team and I did large inquiry-based research projects centered around a theme. We did an "Immigration" inquiry project near Thanksgiving, and an "Environmental Issues" inquiry project in the spring.

The basic layout to one of our inquiry projects went something like this: 

First, we did a whole group read-aloud of an engaging text that fit our broad theme. (This became our "anchor text.") As we read, students brainstormed questions they were wondering and recorded them on sticky-notes. Then we looked closely at all of our questions, looking for ones that could become the basis for an inquiry research project. We looked for questions that:
  • were BIG (not questions with easy or short answers)
  • were RESEARCHABLE (questions that we could actually find facts and information about)
  • were INTERESTING (questions that students actually wanted to find the answers to)
  • were IMPORTANT (questions that others might also care about, questions that might even be important to the greater good of the world!)
Once we identified strong inquiry questions, students chose which question they wanted to research, and we formed small groups of inquiry teams. During the research phase, we would infuse strategy lessons on collaborating successfully, on finding relevant information, and on recording notes.

After researching and gathering information, students then decided how best to share their information. We usually required some sort of visual aid and some sort of spoken element. Students worked to create their final "products" and then presented them to the entire class.

Moving Toward Independence

As students school-wide experienced more inquiry-based projects, I was noticing that each year, students were coming into third grade as more sophisticated "inquirers."

I had to take advantage of this.

I decided to start making "inquiry research" one of students' choices in our Daily 5 framework, where students could choose to initiate their own inquiry research projects.

Making it happen wasn't easy.

I needed students to be able to do the bulk of the project independently. Not alone--they'd still be working with each other. But independent in the sense that groups would not rely on me, since I would be meeting with guided reading groups during Daily 5.

It took training and practice. Here are some key points I learned to hone in on:
  • Agreeing on how to get started: Students find a partner or a group of three with a shared interest, and then together find an "anchor text" that will help them generate possible inquiry questions.
  • Keeping commitments: It's important that a student doesn't get involved in an inquiry group only to abandon the group halfway through.
  • Asking strong inquiry questions: Getting students to "think big" takes practice and modeling.
  • Finding resources: Students need a procedure for when they can go to the library to find additional resources.
  • Researching BEFORE creating: Students often want to reverse the inquiry process. A group might share a PowerPoint presentation to the class, and  then a student thinks, "I want to make a PowerPoint too. Let's see, what could I do one about?"  When really, the answers and information learned through their research should determine the best "vehicle" to share it.
  • Checking in with the teacher: We establish checkpoints in which students briefly meet with me before moving on to the next phase. For me, I (1) approve the group's inquiry question before they begin research, (2) approve the group's plan for what to create, and (3) schedule a presentation date and time.
  • Creating an anchor chart of the agreed upon procedures.

Just like with our other Daily 5 choices like Read-to-Self, Read-with-Partner, Word Work, and Writing, gaining independence with Inquiry Research is built over time, and procedures are revisited and refined as needed.

To keep moving toward independence, students used this organizer to help them stay on track:
(Click to download.)

Click the image above to download it for FREE. (Note: I used to have a version of this organizer in my TpT store, and taking it out caused many broken links to the pins that are still floating around on Pinterest. So what you see above is just an updated version of the original.)

Giving students ownership of what they are learning brings with it high motivation, and in turn, high engagement. As a side benefit, I can rely on students to be productive at this Daily 5 choice.

But more importantly, these projects matter to students. They want to find out answers to their questions. They are proud of what they create. And that makes their teacher proud too.


  1. My district has just adopted the inquiry model for Social Studies. This was a very helpful article! What kind of books do you use for anchor texts...fiction, non-fiction or a combo? Thank you for sharing!

    1. That's a great question! For the class-wide themed projects, we put quite a bit of thought into choosing an anchor text. We wanted something broad enough that would give students a good base of knowledge, but so that students were still intrigued and curious to know more. It was more often a nonfiction book or article, but for our Immigration-themed study, we actually used a piece of historical fiction ("When Jesse Came Across the Sea") which worked really well. I don't think there's one right answer, but I would say my favorites would be a good informational website or article (as opposed to just a book) OR a historical fiction picture book. Hope that helps!

  2. In the picture of the students, there is a small notebook. Is this from your informational readers notebook or a different product? What pages are included?

    1. Hi Alley!
      The notebooks you see in the pictures I customized for that particular project, but the inside pages of them are VERY similar two of the pages from my Informational Text Reader's Notebook product you referred to. They are in the "Research" file, at the very end, in the "More Options" section.

  3. Great post! Love the shift to open inquiry, and thoughts about how to make that a part of the daily classroom routine. Thanks.

  4. Michael,
    This is a really informative post, and I plan to share it on my blog later today. The organizer is perfect for monitoring the groups progress and keeps them accountable. Thank you!

  5. Hi!
    I love the ideas you have shared. Thank you! I work in a French school board and I was wondering if you would mind me translating the "Steps to your Inquiry Research Project" into French so that I could use it with my students?

  6. Wow! So glad I am checking through your archive blogs. I intend to begin using inquiry-based learning in my classroom next year. (yes I'm from Australia). Your idea to use this as part of the Daily 5 is a stroke of genius! Actually if you have any other thoughts/resources on inquiry-based learning I'd be keen to read/purchase. Many thanks for sharing.... there doesn't seem to be too much info on inquiry-based learning in Oz so your article is an excellent read. So appreciative.

  7. I love the idea! I am going to start using more inquiry with my 5th grade students! The template is so organized and will be very beneficial!

  8. Hello, I really want to thank you for making it easier for me to understand how inquiry based learning can be implemented and the great detail you added in the standards and key points too. I would like to use this blog post to help me as introduce the concept in my lessons for the first time.

    Thanks heaps.


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